He studied at the Minneapolis Art Institute, the Art Students League in New York, and the Broadmore Art Academy in Colorado Springs. From 1929 to 1931, he taught at the Broadmore Academy and later became Curator of the Museum of Navajo Ceremonial Art in Santa Fe.
From the time he attended the Broadmore Academy, he made numerous trips into Arizona and New Mexico where he sketched and painted the Hispanic and Indian population.
Peter Hastings Falk, Editor, Who Was Who in American Art
Peggy and Harold Samuels, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Artists of the American West